SaniPath | Blog
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Using an evidence based decision making process to guide sanitation investments in low resource communities – The SaniPath Tool – A Case Study of Accra, Ghana

H Yakubu
39th WEDC Conference (July 2016)

The Center for Global Safe Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene; the Emory University/Water Institute of CSIR/ TREND Group; and the Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development hosted a side event showcasing the experiences of local partners who deployed the SaniPath Tool in Accra, Ghana. This side event delved into the usability of the tool, and the tool’s impact and usage by decision-makers. During the event, interested participants were encouraged to critique the tool and share whether the tool could be applied within their own work. READ MORE

The SaniPath Tool: Assessing public health risks from unsafe fecal sludge management in poor urban neighborhoods

CL Moe
WASH 2016 (May 2016)

Dr. Christine Moe presented the SaniPath Tool during the WASH 2016 conference, discussing the rationale and usage of the tool. Dr. Moe highlighted how poor fecal sludge management in urban areas can present public health risks and described how the SaniPath Tool can help assess these public health risks and prioritize sanitation investments. The WASH 2016 conference is a part of a conference series held by the International Water Centre, and is designed to bring together and support key players involved in WASH.
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THREE Great Features of the Sanipath Tool

The SaniPath team has created an exposure assessment tool for low-resource, urban areas with poor sanitation. Key features of the tool include its accessibility, its easy to understand results, and its potential to influence policy.

1. The SaniPath Tool is easy to use and understand

The SaniPath Tool was designed to be used independently by a variety of organizations interested in improving urban sanitation. A detailed user guide for data collection and laboratory work, automated analyses, and output that can be understood by anyone with a basic scientific background, make the tool easy to use and understand. Minimum requirements for use of the tool include:

  • A funding source (ex: local government or international organization)
  • A lab with the ability to detect E. coli and technicians to carry out the procedures in a sterile environment
  • A team with experience conducting surveys
  • A local group to distribute results to government and policy makers

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Policy Note: Should Public Toilets Be Part of Urban Sanitation Solutions for Poor Families Living in Slums?

Background

Shared sanitation in urban areas is commonplace in Ghana. Approximately 73% of the urban population relies on shared sanitation facilities, the highest of any urban area in the world.(1) Pay-per-use public toilets are a particular type of shared sanitation facility, and, in Ghana, these typically cost between 15 to 30 pesewas per use (US $0.08–0.15).(2) In 2006, it was found that 41% of households in Accra, Ghana rely on public toilets.(3) Due to the cramped nature of Accra’s urban communities, construction of private toilets is often neither spatially nor financially feasible. However, public toilets do not meet the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF’s Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation’s definition of “safely managed” sanitation. This can create a disincentive to use public finances to build and safely manage public toilets even though they may be the only viable option in the short and medium term.(4) Poor sanitation costs Ghanaians up to

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Quantifying Contact with the Environment: Behaviors of Young Children in Accra, Ghana

Authors: Peter Teunis, Heather Reese, Claire A. Null, Habib Yakubu, Christine L. Moe

Abstract: To better understand the risks of exposure for young children to fecal contamination in their environment, we systematically characterized and quantified behaviors of 154 children, 0-5 years old, in four high-density, low-income neighborhoods in Accra, Ghana. A repertoire of six different activities and five different compartments (categories of locations within the household) was developed, and about 500 hours of ordered structured observations of activities and locations of individual children were collected. READ MORE