Blog - Page 5 of 11 - SaniPath
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The Influence of Household- and Community-Level Sanitation and Fecal Sludge Management on Urban Fecal Contamination in Households and Drains and Enteric Infection in Children

Authors: David Berendes, Amy Kirby, Julie A. Clennon, Suraja Raj, Habib Yakubu, Juan Leon, Katharine Robb, Arun Kartikeyan, Priya Hemavathy, Annai Gunasekaran, Ben Ghale, J. Senthil Kumar, Venkata Raghava Mohan, Gagandeep Kang, Christine L. Moe

Abstract: Urban sanitation necessitates management of fecal sludge inside and outside the household. This study examined associations between household sanitation, fecal contamination, and enteric infection in two low-income neighborhoods in Vellore, India. Surveys and spatial analysis assessed the presence and clustering of toilets and fecal sludge management (FSM) practices in 200 households. Fecal contamination was measured in environmental samples from 50 households and household drains. Enteric infection was assessed from stool specimens from children under 5 years of age in these households. READ MORE

Behavioral influences on risk of exposure to fecal contamination in low-resource neighborhoods in Accra, Ghana

Authors: Jacqueline Hurd, Monique Hennink, Katherine Robb, Clair Null, Dorothy Peprah, Nii Wellington, Habib Yakubu, Christine L. Moe

Abstract: Rapid urbanization in low-resource countries has led to a growing sanitation crisis, with widespread fecal contamination and risk of adverse health outcomes. Understanding how to change sanitation behaviors and reduce exposure to fecal contamination is central to Sustainable Development Goal 6. This study examines behavioral influences on fecal contamination in six low-resource neighborhoods of Accra, Ghana. Qualitative data comprised 12 key informant interviews with community leaders and 16 focus group discussions with residents. Results identify behaviors that increase the presence of feces in urban neighborhoods and risk of exposure to fecal contamination. READ MORE

Structured Observations and the Competing Hazards Model – Lessons from SaniPath in Ghana

Y Wang, CL Moe, P Teunis

UNC Water Microbiology Conference (May 2017)

In May, 2017, Yuke (Andrew) gave an oral presentation at the UNC Water Microbiology Conference in Chapel Hill, NC about the SaniPath study in Accra, Ghana. The presentation explained how simulated behaviors were generated based on structured observations and how these simulations could be utilized to  generate fecal microbe transfer networks that can inform frequency, duration, and sequences of behaviors.

Access presentation here

FSM Toolbox

CL Moe

4th International Faecal Sludge Management Conference (February 2017) – Workshop

During FSM4, Dr. Moe helped lead a workshop on the FSM Toolbox project, which highlighted the tools available for key players who are involved in community fecal sludge management. Not only did this workshop point out helpful tools, but also shared information about their one-stop database and “standardized framework for ‘effective implementation’ of FSM projects.”

Exposure to Fecal Contamination in 3 Low-Income Urban Settings: Results from the SaniPath Tool

S Raj, Y Wang, K Robb, H Yakubu, D Berendes, N Wellington, J Ampofo, G Kang, S Roy, A Kartikieyan, J Brown, N Lazaro, B Muneme, I VanHaren, A Kirby, CL Moe

4th International Faecal Sludge Management Conference (February 2017)

Suraja Raj presented the results from an in-depth two-year investigation of the implementation of the SaniPath tool in Accra, Ghana; Vellore, India; and Maputo, Mozambique, at the FSM4 conference. The main finding from each deployment is that the SaniPath tool can effectively determine the level of risk that each pathway for fecal contamination presents to neighborhood residents, and the proportion of residents that are at risk.   READ MORE